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With Hong Kong as their base, when it comes to where the city's local and international business community should invest, expand or operate, the Greater Bay Area (GBA), the Belt & Road Initiative (BRI) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) offer a multitude of opportunities. As a major national development strategy, the GBA can also act as a conduit
for Hong Kong to integrate into the “dual circulation” strategy to reorient China’s economy by prioritising domestic consumption (internal circulation) while remaining open to international trade and investment (external circulation).
The GBA initiative, with its aim to develop an international innovation and technology (I&T) hub, creates significant opportunities for Hong Kong’s Fintech sector. In May
last year, supporting the deepening access between
Hong Kong and the Mainland’s financial markets, Beijing issued the “Opinions Concerning Financial Support for the Establishment of the GBA”. In support of Beijing’s national strategy, Hong Kong’s 2020 Policy Address also reiterated efforts to strengthen the city’s integration into the GBA.
The GBA has already become the home for a number of Fintech companies. Although many of them are start-ups, they are not limited to the commonly recognised areas such as artificial intelligence, big data and cloud. They also use diversified technologies such as blockchain, digital ID, and Internet of Things (IoT).
To achieve a better understanding of the development and performance of the domestic startup ecosystem, and also to identify growth opportunities available in the GBA, in mid-2020 HKTDC Research conducted a questionnaire survey and indepth interviews with local startups. The aim was
to achieve a better understanding of the development and performance of the domestic startup ecosystem, and also to identify growth opportunities available in the GBA. The survey found that local startups find the huge market size and lower cost of doing business in the GBA appealing. Nearly half of the respondents said they were interested in expanding into the GBA market. Indeed, spurred by the continuous improvements to the Mainland business environment, Hong Kong enterprises are paying considerable attention to the planning and development situation on the Mainland, so much so that there has been a sustained increase in the number of Hong Kong-invested enterprises expanding across the border. For example, Hong Kong companies are now considering setting up offshoots in the GBA in order to make it easier to carry
out negotiations with business partners, secure orders from clients and handle Mainland business affairs.
中央政府在2017年頒佈大灣區框架以 深化粵港澳地區的融合,目的是擴化 了全國的科研投資;這些都是建立創 新動力的重要條件,有助在新冠肺炎疫情過後 重建穩健的經濟。
本地及以香港為基地的國際商界在考慮於何處 投資、擴展或經營時,粵港澳大灣區(大灣區)、 一帶一路倡議(一帶一路)及區域全面經濟夥伴 關係協定(全面夥伴關係協定)無疑提供大量商 機。作為國家重大發展戰略,大灣區也可作為香 港融入調整中國經濟定位的「雙循環」策略的切 入點,以內需(內循環)為優先,同時對國際貿易 及投資(外循環)保持開放。
大灣區規劃旨在發展區內成為國際創新及科技 中心,為香港金融科技界帶來大量機會。去年5 月,北京發佈了《關於金融支持粵港澳大灣區 建設的意見》,以支持香港深度融入內地金融 市場。為支持國家策略,香港的2020年《施政報 告》也重申致力融入大灣區。大灣區已成為許多 金融科技公司的基地,雖然當中不少是初創企 業,但業務並不局限於眾所周知的人工智能、大 數據和雲端等,還涉足區塊鏈、數碼身份和物聯 網等多種技術領域。
為深入了解香港初創生態系統的發展情況和表 現,以及探索大灣區的發展機遇,香港貿易發展 局經貿研究在2020年年中對本地初創企業進 行了問卷調查和深入訪談,以提高對本地創業 生態系統發展和成效的了解。調查發現,本地初 創企業認為大灣區的龐大市場規模和較低的營 運成本極具吸引力。近一半受訪者表示有意進 一步拓展大灣區市場,事實上,在內地營商環境 不斷改善的帶動下,香港企業都十分重視內地 的規劃和發展,因此港商投資的跨境企業數目 持續增加。不少香港公司正考慮在大灣區設立 分部,以方便與業務夥伴協商、爭取客戶訂單, 以及處理內地業務。
自2020年1月1日起,國家為精簡在內地設立企 業的工作,推出了信息報告制度,以取代原有的 外商投資企業審批、備案和聯合年報制度,從而 令設立香港或其他外資企業的程序大為簡化。 除個別受限制行業,設立香港或其他外資企業 不再需要相關商務部門的審查、批准或備案。取 而代之,設立(以及隨後的任何更改)有關企業的 記錄可直接通過一站式電子政務平台提交,所 有所需投資信息都可在網上呈報相關商務部門。
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